5 years impact factor: 0.895
Fuente: 2015 JCR Social Science
Edition de Thomson Reuters
                         

  

20185001(en)/10-Discriminating Functions to Estimate Sex from Long Bones in Colonial Populations of the Central West of Argentina

FUNCIONES DISCRIMINANTES PARA ESTIMAR SEXO A PARTIR DE HUESOS LARGOS EN POBLACIONES COLONIALES DEL CENTRO OESTE DE ARGENTINA

DISCRIMINATING FUNCTIONS TO ESTIMATE SEX FROM LONG BONES IN COLONIAL POPULATIONS OF THE CENTRAL WEST OF ARGENTINA

Daniela Alit Mansegosa, Pablo Sebastián Giannotti, Horacio Chiavazza and Gustavo Barrientos

Incomplete skeletons and commingled human bones constitute a significant volume of recovered material in American colonial temples. This poses the need to perform procedures that allow the sexual assignment of each element in order to deepen various types of bioanthropological studies. The objective of this work is to develop discriminant functions to estimate sex from long bones in a sample recovered in three colonial temples of Mendoza (Argentina) from the 17-18TH centuries. The sample contains 61 adult individuals (complete primary burials) with sex determined from pelvic and cranial indicators. In each case, a set of measurements of the humerus, radius, ulna, clavicle, tibia and femur was taken to generate discriminant functions. The functions thus developed allowed to estimate the sex with a high degree of reliability. The femur (92.1%) and the humerus (90%) were the elements with higher average percentages of correct estimates, and with higher percentages in males than in females. The ulna (79.3%), clavicle (79.2%), tibia (75.9%) and radius (73.3%) obtained a lower classification ability. The results are discussed considering the genetic, environmental, and taphonomic factors of the studied sample.

 

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20185001(en)/09-Mobility and Habitation in Chiloé: Changes, Discontinuities and Continuities in the Mobility Practices of the Inhabitants of the Chiloé Archipelago in Southern Chile

MOBILITY AND HABITATION IN CHILOÉ: CHANGES, DISCONTINUITIES AND CONTINUITIES IN THE MOBILITY PRACTICES OF THE INHABITANTS OF THECHILOÉ ARCHIPELAGO IN SOUTHERN CHILE

LA MOVILIDAD Y EL HABITAR CHILOTE. CAMBIOS, RUPTURAS Y CONTINUIDADES EN LAS PRÁCTICAS DE MOVILIDAD COTIDIANA DE LOS HABITANTES DEL ARCHIPIÉLAGO DE CHILOÉ, EN EL SUR AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Alejandra Lazo and Diego Carvajal

Taking Cresswell’s concept of constellation as a starting point, and through research carried out in the Chiloé Archipelago in southern Chile, this study suggests that it is possible to identify different types of mobility constellations that vary from traditional forms regulated atmospherically and seasonally, and expressed in the collective and reciprocal dimensions, to more proletarianized mobilities, which are faster and more urban. The hypothesis that there are diverse constellations in tension that constitute “the current habitation in Chiloé” will be discussed. Ultimately, the daily mobility of the Chiloé inhabitants will be understood based on its changes, tensions and continuities, as revealing aspects of the political, economic and social transformations that have taken place over the last decades in this insular territory.

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20185001(en)/08-Disciplining Space, Territorializing Obedience. The Politics of Reduction and Denaturalization of the Diaguitas-Calchaquíes (17th Century)

DISCIPLINING SPACE, TERRITORIALIZING OBEDIENCE. THE POLITICS OF REDUCTION AND DENATURALIZATION OF THE DIAGUITAS-CALCHAQUÍES(17TH CENTURY)

DISCIPLINAR EL ESPACIO, TERRITORIALIZAR LA OBEDIENCIA. LAS POLÍTICAS DE REDUCCIÓN Y DESNATURALIZACIÓN DE LOS DIAGUITAS-CALCHAQUÍES (SIGLO XVII)

Christophe Giudicelli

The province of Tucumán was a theatre of permanent confrontation during its first century. The resistance of the Diaguitas-Calchaquíes Indians stalled all colonial attempts to settle in the inter-Andean valleys. The Hispano-Criollos progressively implemented a radical strategy aiming to end indigenous autonomy and to integrate that unyielding enclave into the nation: the denaturalization of the Indians and their total or partial relocation into a disciplined and controlled space.

This paper follows the development of these disciplining politics intended to achieve control over populations characterized by heteronomy, since the moment they were caught in the social and territorial reorganization of colonial power. The two moments of open conflict considered in this work -the 1630-40’s “Great Uprising” and the last 1658-64 war-forced the colonial agents to reassess their forms of domination and recruitment of workers and to enforce new ways of seizing the territory and of controlling the population within more strictly disciplined socio-spatial schemes.

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20185001(en)/07-Functions and Meanings of Black Slavery in the Pampean-Mapuche Area, XVIII and XIX Centuries

FUNCTIONS AND MEANINGS OF BLACK SLAVERY IN THE PAMPEAN-MAPUCHE AREA, XVIII AND XIX CENTURIES

FUNCIONES Y SIGNIFICADOS DE LA ESCLAVITUD NEGRA EN EL ÁREA PAMPEANA-MAPUCHE, SIGLOS XVIII Y XIX

Cristián Perucci González

Taking the adventures of the runaway slave Gervasio Armas as a basis, this article analyzes the inclusion of black population in the Pampean-Mapuche society in the 18th and 19th centuries. The article focuses on the valuation and meaning of black slavery (which was the predominant condition black individuals) in Mapuche mentality, contrasting it with the Hispanic-Creole perspectives on the same phenomenon. It also outlines some ideas on the economic and political processes that allowed the emergence of the black population, noting different types of forced displacement between colonial and indigenous territories.

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20185001(en)/06-Evaluating Vegetable Processing and the Elaboration of Fermented Beverages in an El Vergel Context in Mocha Island (AD 1000-1300)

EVALUATING VEGETABLE PROCESSING AND THE ELABORATION OF FERMENTED BEVERAGES IN AN EL VERGEL CONTEXT IN MOCHA ISLAND (AD 1000-1300)

EVALUANDO EL PROCESAMIENTO VEGETAL Y LA ELABORACIÓN DE BEBIDAS FERMENTADAS EN UN CONTEXTO EL VERGEL DE ISLA MOCHA (1000-1300 d.C.)

Carolina Godoy-Aguirre

Carpological evidence of El Vergel Complex contexts in Isla Mocha has made it possible to infer the various uses that these groups made of their vegetable resources. Among these, the hypothesis that Zea mays was used for the elaboration of fermented drinks-which would have been part of the prestige and leadership practices related to the increase in social complexity– stands out. Although the production of these beverages is noted in the Reche-Mapuche ethnohistorical record, archaeological evidence that provides contextual information about these practices at El Vergel is unknown. This work analyzes the archaeological starch grains recovered from ceramic sherds by comparing their damage with the pattern described for the fermentation process in the specialized literature. Our results show the production of these beverages in Mocha Island at least between A.D. 1000 and 1300, with both cultivated and wild species used for this purpose: Aristotelia chilensis (maqui), Zea mays (maize) and possibly Fragaria chiloensis (wild strawberry). The ceramic morphofunctional categories indicate that the complete process of preparing and serving these beverages would have taken place within the same site, with the serving stage possibly being linked to decorated pottery, which was likely specified for this purpose.

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