MARINE SNAILS IN ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXTS IN CENTRAL ARGENTINA (32° S - 64° W): SYMBOLIC MATERIALITIES SPREAD OVER THE TERRITORY
CARACOLES MARINOS EN CONTEXTOS ARQUEOLÓGICOS EN EL CENTRO DE ARGENTINA (32° LS - 64° LO): MATERIALIDADES SIMBÓLICAS EXTENDIDAS EN EL TERRITORIO
One of the areas of greatest archaeological interest is the evidence of interregional mobility and movement of goods. In the search for indicators of this cultural manifestation, the presence of allochthonous materialities in a region becomes an important research focus. In this context, and with the aim of providing malacological evidence, this work reviews and updates the existing information on the presence of marine mollusks found in archaeological contexts in the Córdoba province, central region of Argentina. In order to provide new data and verify the species identity, the malacological material that integrates the collections of different regional museums was examined, supplemented with a literature review for the region. Three species were identified in the new material: Urosalpinx haneti and Adelomelon brasiliana, from the Atlantic, and Felicioliva peruviana, from the Pacific. The analyses of the morphological characteristics and manufacturing techniques of these elements allowed their classification as artifacts. Finally, these results were contextualized and discussed, considering the provenance of raw materials and the distribution areas in relation to mobility and circulation networks.
Tags: Malacological artifacts, distribution, Central region of Argentina