20174904(en)/00B-Interculturality, Cultural Traditions and Ethnicities. Three Key Notions to Understand Sanitary Policies in Chile

INTERCULTURALITY, CULTURAL TRADITIONS AND ETHNICITIES. THREE KEY NOTIONS TO UNDERSTAND SANITARY POLICIES IN CHILE

INTERCULTURALIDAD, TRADICIONES CULTURALES Y ETNICIDADES. TRES NOCIONES CLAVES PARA COMPRENDER LAS POLÍTICAS SANITARIAS EN CHILE

Vivian Gavilán, Patricia Vigueras, Carlos Madariaga, and Michel Parra

The health policies aimed at the indigenous peoples of Chile are designed to comply with several legal frameworks (Law 19,253 of 1993, Law 20584 on Rights and Duties of Patients, Law 19,937 on Health Authority, Organic Regulations of the Ministry of Health, Organic Regulations of the Health Services, General Administrative Norm Nº 16 on Interculturality in the Health Services, and article 25 of the ILO Convention 169). The objective of these frameworks is to reduce the inequalities in health provision and incorporate the ethnic demands put forward by the representatives of the nine indigenous peoples recognized by the State.

Among the strategies for the decade (2010-2020)...

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PAISANS AND GRINGOS. HIGHLAND NEO-RURALITY, RELATIONAL TRANSFORMATIONS, AND EMERGING IDENTITIES IN CÓRDOBA, ARGENTINA

PAISAS Y GRINGOS. NEORRURALIDAD SERRANA, TRANSFORMACIONES RELACIONALES E IDENTIDADES EMERGENTES EN CÓRDOBA, ARGENTINA

Luciana Trimano.

For the last twenty years, “rural” towns in the Valle de Traslasierra, in the province of Córdoba, Argentina, have undergone fast social transformations attributed to the impact of urban migrations. Through an ethnographic case study in the hill town of Las Calles, we analyse the features of a population trend involving middle and upper class sectors from the big cities. These “neo-rural” subjects are tagged by the receiving society as “gringos” both because they flaunt financial, cultural, and symbolic capital, and also because they are a second migratory wave after the one started in the 1940s which involved English immigrants. Based on a transdisciplinary approach, we will reflect on the establishment of a sociability model we have named illuminated circle. Said conceptualization helps understand certain traits in the Argentinean “neo-rurality” phenomenon.

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COEXISTENCE OF WORLDVIEWS IN THE EÑEPÁ COMMUNITY OF LA BATEA AFTER THE EVANGELIZATION IMPACT OF NEW TRIBES MISSION (VENEZUELAN AMAZON)

COEXISTENCE OF WORLDVIEWS IN THE EÑEPÁ COMMUNITY OF LA BATEA AFTER THE EVANGELIZATION IMPACT OF NEW TRIBES MISSION (VENEZUELAN AMAZON)

Alessandra Caputo-Jaffe.

The following work studies the coexistence of worldviews in the Eñepá community of La Batea in the Venezuelan Amazon, which was evangelized by New Tribes Mission around the 1970s. The researcher continually visited this community for three years, between 2014 and 2016. During this period, the reality of this community showed to be a complex coexistence of different worldviews, in which the Eñepá belief-system managed to resist its complete replacement by Christianity. On the one hand, the Evangelization process implied important changes in their own religious practices and mythical discourses, while, on the other, many elements of their beliefs and cultural practices managed to survive, as they did not belong to the same order of thought and worldview as the Christian belief system.

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BAILES CHINOS AND THEIR INVISIBLE IDENTITY IN CENTRAL CHILE

BAILES CHINOS Y SU IDENTIDAD INVISIBLE EN CHILE CENTRAL

José Pérez de Arce A.

The bailes chinos ritual groups from Aconcagua Valley (Chile) are studied from a sonorous perspective in relation to the complex identity elements they present. It is possible to identify sound elements corresponding to an indigenous heritage, along with Catholic and Chilean elements expressed through visual and poetic media. Certain social strata, as shown in the literature, ignore the sound expression but not the visual and poetic expressions. This perceptual asymmetry permits us to understand why certain pre-Hispanic elements remained in a geographical place where the memory of indigenous past has been erased, and where the global society exerts great pressure. It is suggested that sound acts as an identity tool operating in relatively exclusive channels, and is invisible to the social strata that has opposed the indigenous expression during the last 500 years.

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NOW IT IS PACHALLAMPE! SYMBOLISM, CELEBRATION AND MEMORY IN THE PLANTING OF POTATO IN SOCOROMA, NORTH OF CHILE

¡AHORA SÍ QUE ES PACHALLAMPE! SIMBOLISMO, TECNOLOGÍA Y MEMORIA EN LA SIEMBRA DE PAPA EN SOCOROMA, NORTE DE CHILE

Persis B. Clarkson, Calogero M. Santoro, Thomas E. Levy, Lautaro Núñez, Axel Nielsen, Steven Rosen, Frank Förster, José M. Capriles, Anatoly M. Khazanov, Michael Frachetti, Daniela Valenzuela, Carlos Choque Mariño and Alberto Díaz Araya

This article shows the ritual practices, meanings and memories expressed in the celebration of the Pachallampe in Socoroma. This, in order to identify and understand the rituals and symbolism deployed by stewards and indigenous community members during the sowing of potato. For this purpose, we have studied the importance of performance, memory, dance and the dramatizations, carrying out a descriptive and interpretative analysis of the celebration, identifying the meanings, associations, identities and cultural appropriations of the Socoromeños, derived from the Hispano-indigenous interactions and their relationship to the antinomic forces of their sacred space.

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