RIGHTS IN CONFLICT. DISPUTES AROUND THE INHERITANCE OF A SAYAÑA IN AYMARA TERRITORY
DERECHOS EN PUGNA. DISPUTAS EN TORNO DE LA HERENCIA DE UNA SAYAÑA EN TERRITORIO AYMARA
This article describes the practices of different actors in a 100-year long legal dispute for a plot in the Community of Guaraya (today ayllu), which adjoins the town of Tiwanaku in Bolivia. The plot is a sayaña, a type of Aymara property that relates (the ayllu’s) collective interests with the interests of families, who have occupied and worked it, as well as performed the corresponding rituals in it for years. Thus, the trial reveals individual logics inspired by liberal traditions, which are in opposition to the collective ones prevalent in the community. These families, however, do not give up disputing with wisdom and ingenuity in State courts, which are alien to their customary law. The vicissitudes of the trial -whose roots go back to the late nineteenth century- in national courts of different jurisdictions, geographical scope, across all judicial instances, demonstrate forms of micro-resistance, as well as adaptation, in the construction of community autonomies before or in the margins of the Nation State. The text is based on the interpretation of a judicial file, guided by the author’s ethnographic fieldwork in Guaraya.
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LATE PRE-HISPANIC SOCIETIES IN NORTHERN REGION OF THE CENTRAL ARGENTINA (SIERRAS DEL NORTE, CÓRDOBA). APPROACHES FROM PLANT RESOURCES
LAS SOCIEDADES PREHISPÁNICAS TARDÍAS EN LA REGIÓN SEPTENTRIONAL DEL CENTRO DE ARGENTINA (SIERRAS DEL NORTE, CÓRDOBA). AVANCES A SU CONOCIMIENTO DESDE LOS RECURSOS VEGETALES
Andrea Recalde y Laura López
The Late Pre-Hispanic Period (ca. 400-1550 AD) is characterized by communities that occupied the central-western area of the Sierras of Córdoba and who developed flexible strategies and patterns of subsistence where seasonal mobility was central. This seasonal mobility allowed exploiting different environments, which provided resources throughout the year. In this context, agriculture, which was small-scale and with scarce or no-mechanization, did not regulate the life of the pre-Hispanic communities but was subject to the absence of other alternatives at the beginning of the productive season. Data recovered in the northern region of Sierras of Córdoba, specifically in Cerro Colorado (Sierras del Norte), reveal similar historical processes to those in the central-western region regarding the type of subsistence strategies and, fundamentally, of (small-scale dryland) agricultural practice. However, the data gathered gradually indicate that these economic strategies produced different landscapes characterized by different ways in handling wild and domesticated plant species. Therefore dissimilar strategies related to agricultural times and mobility patterns were carried out.
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