NOW IT IS PACHALLAMPE! SYMBOLISM, CELEBRATION AND MEMORY IN THE PLANTING OF POTATO IN SOCOROMA, NORTH OF CHILE
¡AHORA SÍ QUE ES PACHALLAMPE! SIMBOLISMO, TECNOLOGÍA Y MEMORIA EN LA SIEMBRA DE PAPA EN SOCOROMA, NORTE DE CHILE
Persis B. Clarkson, Calogero M. Santoro, Thomas E. Levy, Lautaro Núñez, Axel Nielsen, Steven Rosen, Frank Förster, José M. Capriles, Anatoly M. Khazanov, Michael Frachetti, Daniela Valenzuela, Carlos Choque Mariño and Alberto Díaz Araya
This article shows the ritual practices, meanings and memories expressed in the celebration of the Pachallampe in Socoroma. This, in order to identify and understand the rituals and symbolism deployed by stewards and indigenous community members during the sowing of potato. For this purpose, we have studied the importance of performance, memory, dance and the dramatizations, carrying out a descriptive and interpretative analysis of the celebration, identifying the meanings, associations, identities and cultural appropriations of the Socoromeños, derived from the Hispano-indigenous interactions and their relationship to the antinomic forces of their sacred space.
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CARICATURES OF BLACK PERU IN CHILEAN MAGAZINES. ICONOGRAPHIC REFERENTS AND OTHERNESS (1902-1932)
CARICATURAS DEL PERÚ NEGRO EN MAGAZINES CHILENOS. REFERENTES ICONOGRÁFICOS Y ALTERIDAD (1902-1932)
Rodrigo Ruz Zagal, Luis Galdames Rosas, Michel Meza Aliaga and Alberto Díaz Araya.
The article discusses the ways in which the Peruvian population was represented through its caricaturing in illustrated magazines (Sucesos and Corre-Vuela, published by Zig-Zag Publishing House) circulating in the Chilean metropolitan area during the first three decades of the twentieth century. The link of the caricature with the black race is explored, searching for the iconographic references that shape it, suggesting the use of a stereotypical archetype regarding Blackness created in the slavery context in the US and replicated in the Chilean media. It is argued that these images would have been anchored to a specific negative meaning to represent “the Peruvian” in the context of the geopolitical, diplomatic, and cultural tension with Peru, derived from the War of the Pacific.
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