A PHENOMENOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE “ARCHAEOLOGICAL OBJECT”
UNA DESCRIPCIÓN FENOMENOLÓGICA DEL “OBJETO ARQUEOLÓGICO”
José María Vaquer
In this paper I present a phenomenological description of the “archaeological object” from the perspective of Husserl ́s phenomenology. For this philosopher, there are no differences between the ways things appear to our experience and this being. Therefore, phenomenological description implies an ontological categorization of the “archaeological object” which in many cases remains implicit and slips into the interpretations we make of the past. From this methodology, I suggest that the “archaeological object” takes its sense from three horizons (the “lifeworld” of researchers, the “academic world” to which we belong and temporality), and, therefore, it’s “giving itself” is always relative. This relativity implies the impossibility of totalization and closure, and constitutes a first step in recognizing our theoretical assumptions and performed a Critical Archaeology that dialogues with alternative interpretations of the past.